A sign is a place in the heavens which can be occupied by the planets. The planets are like people, who utilize the resources of a place to achieve whatever ends they desire. So the zodiac signs influence astrology not directly, but indirectly by providing specific resources which limit, facilitate and otherwise modify what the planets can do in a horoscope.

To do astrology, you must clearly and deeply understand what resources are available in which signs. That’s what this article will help you with.

Each zodiac sign is a result of four things: gender, element, mode and ruler. We can take gender out of the equation because element implies gender (fire and air are always masculine, water and earth are always feminine). A zodiac sign, therefore is a combination of three things:

    1. An element (fire, earth, air or water), combined with
    1. A mode (cardinal, fixed or dual), and cultivated by
    1. A ruler (one of the seven primary planets)

Here is a list of the ingredients in the recipe for each of the twelve zodiac signs (if you are patient and have a good eye for abstractions, you will find many beautiful symmetries and patterns in this list. I apologize that the simple formatting here doesn’t reveal these perfections more clearly):

Sun + fixed fire = Leo.

Moon + cardinal water = Cancer.

Mercury + dual earth = Virgo.

Mercury + dual air = Gemini.

Venus + cardinal air = Libra.

Venus + fixed earth = Taurus.

Mars + fixed water = Scorpio.

Mars + cardinal fire = Aries.

Jupiter + dual fire = Sagittarius.

Jupiter + dual water = Pisces.

Saturn + cardinal earth = Capricorn.

Saturn + fixed air = Aquarius.

Saturn’s Signs


Saturn+ Cardinal Earth.

Recall what you learned about Saturn, reality, tenacity, etc. Now consider those interests expressing themselves through cardinal earth. The nature of Saturn becomes more forceful, decisive and ambitious due to the cardinal mode, and even more enduring, immovable and rigid due to the earth element.

Capricorn encourages absolutely unrelenting tenacity with decisive dedication to realizing practical results from extremely ambitious goals.

We symbolize this meaning in the image of a mythical sea creature called a “Capricorn” or “Mākara.” The original version of this formidable beast is a crocodile’s jaws with a shark’s tail and a deer’s legs. The crocodile jaws are symbolic of tenacity, never letting go. The ability to be swift on water or land like a shark or a deer shows the decisive cardinality of this sign, and highlights Saturn’s ability to tolerate and dominate in any condition, land or sea.


Saturn + Fixed Air

Now consider the same interests of Saturn expressing themselves instead through fixed air. The fixed mode resonates well with Saturn’s patient tenacity. But the air mode causes Saturn to be less stubborn, and more curious.

Aquarius encourages enduring curiosity and humble patience in discovering the many different facets of life and its ultimate meaning.

A pot symbolizes this quite well. Some say the symbol is of a man pouring a pot – water flowing out of the pitcher, but the older symbol is of a man filling the pot – water flowing into the pitcher. I find the older symbol more useful. The pot is a place to collect various things collected in ones travels throughout life. The bearer of the pot is a servile person, like Saturn, which reflects that Saturn’s humility is available in Aquarius.

Jupiter’s Signs


Jupiter + Dual Fire

Remember the root of all Jupiter’s intentions is positive expansion, accomplished through good moral guidance. The fire element, an element which shines light on the path and clearly points the right way forward, resonates quite well with these intentions. The duality here prevents the fire from being hasty and overly judgmental – as it is prone to be by nature. Instead it encourages a broad and open minded inquisitiveness.

Sagittarius encourages an open-minded hunger for the positive future that is sure to develop from broad ethical, moral, and philosophical understanding.

The symbol is a drawn bow and arrow, carried by a centaur. The arrow symbolizes the high moral ambitions of Sagittarius – to understand morality, ethics and philosophy in an ever broader manner. The arrow and the centaur are very fast. The centaur can run in one direction while the arrow shoots in the other – symbolizing the dual nature of Sagittarius. The centaur and arrow want to cover as much ground as possible. Notice that the centaur is a centaur, not just a horse. It has the head, the brain of a human. This conveys that Sagittarius is intelligent. The wide-roaming centaur and arrow want to cover as much philosophical ground as possible.


Jupiter + Dual Water

Now consider the same energy as Sagittarius but with the moral and ethical interests of the fire element replaced by the contemplative, deep and reflective interests of the water element.

Pisces encourages deep introspection and careful reflection upon the heart of any matter, from all sides.

A fish is the symbol of Pisces. Naturally this is a reference to the water element in Pisces. Also, a fish is silent, and Pisces is quite introspective and reflective in how it goes about gaining a broader base of understanding. A fish can go very deep into the water, and this conveys the combination of Jupiter and water encouraging very deep contemplations. Often the symbol for Pisces contains two fish swimming in opposite directions, though tied together. This very clearly denotes the dual mode in Pisces.

The Signs of Mars


Mars + Fixed Water

Recall what you learned about Mars. He is our individual energy and ambition. Expressing itself through the fixed mode this results in the ambition to become deeper, more profound and more attractive. Because this fixed mode is blended with the element of water, the context of the ambition for profundity becomes emotionally, inwardly oriented. Fixed water, as a combination, creates great depths. Utilized by Mars it because an ambition to attain profound depths.

Scorpio encourages an inward search for more profound depths. Individuality is realized by strengthening and deepening one’s own inner self.

A scorpion is the symbol of Scorpio. This insect is dangerous, like Mars, and lives alone as an individual, like Mars. It lives in holes in the ground or secret cracks and shadows, symbolizing the inward, depth oriented nature of Scorpio as well as its proclivity for secrecy and secret things hidden in the depths.


Mars + Cardinal Fire

Now consider the same individualizing energy and ambition of Mars, not focused on inner depths as in Scorpio, but on outer heights. Cardinality resonates with the ambitious bravery of Mars. Fire shows the path and allows for swift progress without hesitation. Cardinal fire allows Mars to give great extroverted expressions to brave ambitions.

Aries encourages setting off alone and brave, blazing one’s own path as a bold declaration of individuality and self-assuredness.

The symbol of Aries is a mountain-goat, a ram. Like the scorpion this creature is dangerous with its formidable horns, and highly individualistic – living far from society and other animals, alone in the rocky heights of mountains. An animal who climbs great heights very appropriately conveys the ambitious cardinal nature, and by always knowing where to step without falling it symbolizes the fire element which illuminates the clear path.

Signs of Venus


Venus + Cardinal Air

Venus, remember, is mainly interested in making the world a better, more enjoyable place. When she cultivates this quality through cardinal air, in creates a very liberal nature. Cardinal is ambitious in seeking change towards new improvements. Air is curious and mobile and likes to change in search of new things.

Libra encourages a more pleasant world through liberal enthusiasm for new and better ways of life.

A lady holding a scale symbolizes Libra. This communicates the liberal ideal of fairness. The lady is fair and beautiful, symbolizing a more pleasant and enjoyable world. Scales symbolize justice and fairness, but also fair trade and exchange. This portrays how Libra does not hold on to old things and seeks to trade the old for something new and better.


Venus + Fixed Earth

Now consider how the same intentions of Venus can manifest using fixed earth. Earth is practical, so the outcome is towards improving the world in a tangible, real, practical manner. The fixed mode is deep, steady, and conservative, so we have an emphasis on preserving good things.

Taurus encourages preservation of beneficial traditions and creation of things which are good and enjoyable in a tangible, practical way.

The bull is a symbol of Taurus. The bull is a domestic animal, so is pitting to portray a sign owned by Venus, who is all about relationships, cooperation and marriage. The bull tills the earth – fitting for symbolizing a sign created from the earth element, and thus creates food – the most practical and tangible object of wealth, goodness and enjoyment. The bull plowing a field also symbolizes simple adherence to old ways and traditions, fitting for the nature of a fixed sign intent on preserving what is good and worthwhile in the world.

Mercury’s Signs


Mercury + Dual Earth

Remember that Mercury is the planet of interchange and intellect, whose main intention is to learn and understand. The dual mode, of course, resonates very sonorously with this – facilitating a multifaceted and objective approach. Earth directs this interest towards practical, tangible matters.

Virgo encourages intelligence in practical matters, caution and thoroughness in all affairs.

A virgin is the symbol of Virgo. Over the centuries a lot of symbolic baggage has accumulated around the image of “virgin.” One thing that is still easy to hear in the imagery is a reflection of the prudence and caution of the earth element. Young girls are extremely intelligent and excellent students, especially in comparison to young boys. This makes them a fitting symbol for a sign of Mercury, the planet of intellect and learning. Before marriage, a girl is still studying many different subjects in school – reflecting on the dual mode and the character of Mercury present in Virgo.


Mercury + Dual Air

The only thing different here from Virgo is the element. But what a significant difference it makes! Air is not at all cautious, it is free and mobile and fun-loving. Dual air allows Mercury to fully cultivate its wit, inventiveness, and fun-loving nature.

Gemini encourages ingenuity, invention, and a youthful love for freedom and fun.

Sometimes we see twins as a symbol for Gemini, but the more ancient image is a couple enjoying one another’s company. In both cases the two persons in the image point to the dual nature of the sign. That they are both human symbolizes the intellectual, witty, and refined nature of the sign. The more ancient image is more complete, however, because it portrays Gemini’s love for the fun and games associated with new youth.

Signs of the Luminaries


Sun + Fixed Fire

The Sun is the authority, and the strong sense of identity. The fixed mode is attractive and draws valuable things towards it rather than chasing after them. This causes Leo to support the kind of self-confidence that is charismatic and creates a powerful leader. This resonates loudly with the nature of the fire element, as well. Fire lights the path for others to follow.

Leo encourages strong self-confidence, generating the charisma and authority that commands and guides many followers.

The lion symbolizes Leo. The appropriateness of this image is quite obvious. The lion is the king of the jungle – and the Sun is the king of the planets. The lion is a calm, powerful, stately animal – much like the fixed mode. But like fire, the lion can be punishing when it decides to act.


Moon + Cardinal Water

The Moon is the mind, the seat of all desires. Cardinality is decisive and ambition. Water is emotional and reflective. Clearly water and the moon harmonize loudly and clearly with one another, for emotions, desires and the mind itself are one and the same. Cardinality puts an interesting twist on the mixture, causing the emotional mind to be ambitious and decisive! Though cardinality brings decisiveness and direction to Cancer, we can’t forget that the Moon is shy by nature, greatly desiring the approval and acceptance of others.

Cancer encourages strong emotions and decisive opinions yet expresses them shyly and somewhat fearfully.

A crab symbolizes Cancer. The crab is a water-creature, so it is appropriate to symbolize a water sign. It runs sideways, quickly – an image alluding to the directional and committed / decisive nature of the cardinal element. The hard shell can also inform us of the cardinal disposition, which is not flexible and which shields itself from distraction. It, and the crab’s overall behavior, also speaks of the Moon’s timidity and fearfulness of being hurt by others.


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Easy way to remember rahu kalam

Just remeber this phrase

“Mother Saw Father Wearing The Turban”

M(other)- 7:30 – 9:00 – MONDAY

S(aw) – 9:00 – 10:30 -SATURDAY

F(ather) – 10:30 – 12:00 – FRIDAY

W(earing) – 12:00 – 1:30 -WEDNESDAY

TH(e) – 1:30 – 3:00 – THURSDAY

TU(rban) – 3:00 – 4:30- TUESDAY

Left with Sunday – 4:30 – 6:00

ASSUMING THE SUNRISE IS AT 6:00 AM                                                                                                

Although the time Rahukaalam falls on each day, and its span varies and needs to be calculated as per the sunrise and sunset time. You may use the times below if you do not have access to accurate Rahukaal. These times are accurate only if the day lasts for 12 hours, and the sunrise is at 6.00 AM. You can adjust an approximation according to the sunrise and day length in your area.

All you need to remember is the phrase ” [Mother Saw Father Wearing The Turban Slowly]”

Mother = Monday  : 7:30 – 9:00
Saw = Saturday  : 9:00 – 10:30
Father = Friday  : 10:30 – 12:00
Wearing = Wednesday  : 12:00 – 13:30
The = Thursday  : 13:30 – 15:00
Turban = Tuesday  : 15:00 – 16:30
Slowly = Sunday  : 16:30 – 18:00

Instead of the above one there’s another easy way to remember: ” [–Edward Brought Home A Good Ford car.]”
Starting with Monday count the First letter of every word and add half of the same which is 11/2 Ex: E is the letter 5+5/2 = 7:30 so Monday its 7:30- 9:00.

(Edward) Monday – 7:30 -9:00

(Brought) Tuesday – 3:00 -4:30PM

(Home) Wednesday – 12 – 1:30PM

(A) Thursday – 1:30 – 3:00PM

(Good) Friday – 10:30 – 12:00

(Ford) Saturday – 9:00 – 10:30

(car) Sunday – 4:30 – 6:00PM

Eleven Boys Had A Good Football Club is a very popular way as above to remember Rahu Kalam duration.

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Can we really reduce the bad effects of planets?Yes bad effects can be reduced although not fully reversed ( Since we cannot change destiny ) by various remedies prescribed in our ancient Indian texts. These include recitation / chanting of esoteric words in harmony with the god governing the malefic planet. This is called a Mantra. Then we have ancient symbols with are imprinted or embossed on metal or other material plaques and then meditated upon to give them the power to ward of the adverse planetary effects. This method is used for peculiar planetary combinations and usually is used at place of work or at home. This is called a Yantra.


Of course the most popular remedy has been the wearing of gems & metals to give strength to the planet causing troubles and hardships.

Lastly is the method of remedies which include various ancient practices ( too detailed for discussion here ) which provide relief from various planetary adversities.


Collectively these practices have provided relief to mankind provided the person does not forget that there is no alternative to action and honesty in intentions to overcome adverse periods in life.

What principles are checked while matching compatibility for marriage? Why is it important to match horoscopes for marriage?


  Marriage is one of the most important aspects of life and it is with the help of astrology that we are able to check various issues like the chances of the relationship continuing without a break, harmony in life, whether one person is causing hurdles or pressure on the life of the other partner.

With these cleared the marriage can be performed with much more ease in the mind.

Since we all know a bad relationship can put a person back by a few years so getting the horoscope matched is like buying insurance for a happy and peaceful life.

The method of checking compatibility is a very scientific methodThe following areas are checked for compatibility and the cumulative total after giving a weighted importance to each area is 36 points. As per ancient Indian texts the minimum points allowed for the match to be approved is 18 points or 50 %. The different areas are :


             II.      TEMPRAMENTS ( Intellectual Compatibility )

            III.      LONGEVITY OF HUSBAND. ( Growth of family )

            IV.      LONGEVITY OF WIFE.( Growth of family )

             V.      SEXUAL COMPATIBILITY.

           VI.      LEVEL OF ATTRACTION. ( Children )




           X.      SPECIAL AFFLICTIONS OR UNFORTUNATE COMBINATIONS (Proving harmful to spouse)

         XI.      SPIRITUAL & EGO DEVELOPMENT OF PARTNER (In relation to each other)

        XII.      PULSE OR NERVOUS ENERGY ( To cover psychological and hereditary factors so that both the partner do not have the same genetic defects which are passed on to the next generation.


Since every person cannot have harmony in all areas so the ancient texts prescribe at least 50 % compatibility so as to give the marriage a chance to work.

There is empirical evidence to show that the marriages between people with a compatibility factor below 50 %have a lower success rate than ones with figure higher than that.

What principles are involved while naming children as per their horoscope?

Each zodiac sign corresponds to certain sounds as per the list given below. Just like a musical instrument where certain points signify certain sounds similarly the zodiac signs are different places in space corresponding to these sounds as mentioned below.


A person named in harmony with the sound corresponding to his birth chart gets the effects of planetary combinations in a more smooth and unhindered way than those people named in disharmony with their natural birth sounds.


 Sign First letter of your name Indicating Moon Sign


1.      Aries chu, che, cho, la, lee, lu, le, lo, aa

2.      Tauras ee, oo, ae, o, va, vi, vu, ve, vo, ba, bi, bu, be,bo

3.      Gemini ka, ki, ku, gh, cha, ke, ko, ha

4.      Cancer hi, hu, he, ho, da, di, du, de, do

5.      Leo ma, mi, mu, me, mo, ta, ti, tu, te

6.      Virgo to, pa, pu, kh, tha, pe, pi, pi

7.      Libra ra, ri, ru, re, ro, ta, ti, tu, te

8.      Scorpio to, na, ni, nu, ne, no, ya, ya, ye, yu

9.      Sagittarius ye, yo, bh, bhi, bhu, gh, ph, dh, bhe

10.  Capricorn bho, ja, ji, ju, je, jo, kh, khi, khu, khe, khoo, ga, gi

11.  Aquarius gu, ge, go, s, sh, si, su, se, so, da


12.  Pisces di, du, tha, jh, ja, de, do, ch, chee

Are planetary effects predominant? What is the human effort is the whole process?

It is true that the science of astrology is a science of indication. Provided there is a strong will and requisite effort is brought into play, certain indications in the horoscope can be overcome. Of course, the strong will in such a case will be indicated in the nativity itself. Just as unfavorable indications can be overcome. In the above manner, the promise of good effects can also be spoiled in various ways. A weak and vacillating mind will not be able to take advantage of the planetary vibrations and bring them to fruit. For example if the man acts perversely, he can prevent a good alliance of marriage. It is to some extent within the range of prediction too.

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Rashi Paraivartan Yoga (Exchange yoga)


As per the nadi Jyotish, paraivartan yog can be termed as the strongest form of relationship that can exist between two planets(stronger than mutual association, mutual aspect etc), In other words if two planets are involved in a paraivartan then results can be easily predicted by placing them in place of each other.


The unexpected events, may be good (or) bad will take place in natives life, if paraivartan yoga is present in natives horoscope (or) some sudden changes will take place. Therefore while analyzing the horoscope; astrologer must give importance to this paraivartan yoga. Let me explain you with a help of an example.



Assume Guru and Ketu are located in Simha in lagan. As Guru is along with Ketu in the same sign the native will have religious thought. He will be doing spiritual sadhanas. Also Surya, Sukra and Chandra all these three planets are located in Meena Rasi in 8th house

in the chart. Here Surya is located in Guru sign Meena and Guru is located in Surya sign Simha there fore it is evident that the planet Surya and Guru both are involved in planetary exchange and they are friendly with each other. The Jeevakaraka Guru is located along with Ketu. Therefore the native will be a Sanyasi because Ketu is Moksha karaka. Surya is a politician. Due to planetary exchange,

Guru will come to Meena Rasi; there he will meet Sukra and Chandra both of which are female planets. Sukra and Chandra both are beautiful ladies. Since Sukra is in exaltation sign, they will be rich ladies.

So, A politician will introduce these ladies to a Sanyasi, the Sanyasi will lose his self control and fall prey to these attractive ladies because of this paraivartan yoga.

Therefore in the first part of the life the native will lead a life of Sanyasi. In the second part of life he will be after attractive ladies losing his self control.


Take one more example Assume Surya is located in Venusian sign Tula and Sukra is located in Surya’s sign Simha(Leo). Therefore it is evident that the planets Surya and Sukra both are involved in planetary exchange. The native of this horoscope is a female. Jeeva karaka Sukra is located in Simha along with Chandra and Rahu. Chandra is a karaka for adultery and Rahu is the karaka for secret affairs. Therefore this lady will have secret affairs with many people. Due to planetary exchange when Sukra (Venus) comes Tula

(Libra) Rasi, there Sukra (Venus) will join Kuja(mars).Jupiter aspects Venus from Aries (7th aspect). Ketu is karaka for vairagya. Guru is a karaka for spiritual leader. Ketu is a karaka for moksha. Therefore the native meets spiritual guru unexpectedly. He advises her to change her

way of life and guides her in the spiritual path. In the first part of the life the native will be almost like a prostitute. In the second part of the life she will develop vairagya due to the grace of spiritual guru and she will practice spiritual sadhana….


Beautiful thing about paraivartan yoga is that it is not dasha dependent but will be evident throughout the person’s life. Some also say to the extent that here the planets are acting as if they are in their own sign…


Maha Paraivartan Yoga is formed when there is an exchange of Rashi which lords Kendra and / or Trikond. Kendra is known as Vishnu Sthan which helps in sustenance and Trikond is known as Lakshmi Sthan which helps in progress and development of the native. Hence, when lords of these houses are involved in Paraivartan Yoga, then it results in very good development (both material as well as Spiritual) of the native. 


There are other types of Paraivartan Yoga also like 1) Nakshatra Paraivartan wherein two or more planets are placed in each other’s Nakshatra and 2) Karaka Paraivartan, wherein planets exchange houses of which they are significators 


There is one more very essential point to this yog, assume there is a paraivartan yog between Venus and moon. Venus placed in 7th house in cancer and moon is placed with Saturn in tula in 10th house, now see what happens from another angle, Since Moon is placed with laganesh Saturn…therefore the direction of the paraivartan would be from Venus to moon also Venus is a rajsik planet and moon is a sativik planet as a result the parameters of Venus (which has rajsik gunas) will start getting converted into sativik gunas, In other words In the life of this native art, music, dance, women etc. will help the native to see his sativik gunas or he would try to find god through the parameters of Venus. Hope I am able to convey my point more so because Saturn is also aspecting Venus through his 10th aspect so Saturn is also indirectly pushing this Venus to accomplish the objective of paraivartan.

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Tuesday’s planet is Mars, and its color is Red. Hence, Mars properties are present in all red objects. Same goes with our blood.

The more powerful is Mars in your Kundli, higher will be the percentage of Hemoglobin in your blood. That is why boys have higher hemoglobin than women , in general, as men are said to come from Mars.

If ones hemoglobin is on the higher side, then it’ll reflect in delay in marriage, aggravated anger, greater courage, etc. Similarly, if ones hemoglobin is low then it reflects as frustration, fear, lack of self confidence, etc.

Actually the secrecy lies in the balance/ harmony.

A practical solution to elevate ‘weak Mars’ is to eat red fruits/ veggies and to wear red clothes. To weaken a ‘strong Mars’, one should donate red clothes, fruits, veggies and even blood. Note that hemoglobin is directly related to Iron content, which gives the red color to fruits/ veggies. (The exact meaning of ‘donation’ is ‘tyaag’, i.e., to give away that thing and also to avoid its use.)

Another aspect of Mars is Arms (interestingly, both words originate from the same set of letters). From primitives times till date, 95% of arms are made from iron metal. Also, the homes in which steel utensils are use tend to be less harmonious than those which eat in bone-china/ silver/ glass/ clay utencils. I remember my childhood days, when my mother stopped me from making noise from scissors (khali kainchi chalana). For the same fact, in olden times, armies used to go on fights with enemies when planet Mars was visible in the sky. Also, the Roman army used to make noise by banging their weapons, while marching towards the enemy’s army; a way to call Mangal Bhagwan for giving victory in battle.

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its good to keep silent for some specific time makes mercury more harmonious to you,putting earplugs so that no sound enters will help more,as planet mercury is related to sound- talking and hearing…this also increases your intellect, perhaps that is why it was advocated by Gautam Buddh…brahmri pranayam is also good for the same reasons…

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I correlate Saturn with wheels due to the presence of rings around it. In human body legs and bones are related to Saturn. Intake of calcium and eating oil free food strengthens Saturn plus taking care of your feet and shoes and tyres of your vehicle pleases Saturn. Walking and pedicure also helps. Furthermore as a planet of justice, disclosure of one’s secrets in public is the most appropriate way to please Saturn.
Perhaps this is one of the logics behind the tradition of confession in Christianity…

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